Tous les articles par 1917

1917. Que reste t-il d’une révolution ? Le cinéma, l’histoire, l’art, la politique

Numéro Spécial de la Revue Ecrans / Octobre 2017

On peut s’introduire dans le 20ème siècle de bien des manières. Mais il est certain que la révolution de 1917 est l’une des rares qui fasse coïncider la fin d’un empire, l’avènement d’un pays communiste et la naissance des premières utopies esthétiques. S’agissant du cinéma, l’événement nous met au contact d’une réalité bien particulière qui veut que le destin d’un art soit intimement lié au sort d’une révolution politique. Le cinéma russe et soviétique a, de ce point de vue, longtemps joui d’une autorité esthétique qu’il devait à ses essais théoriques autant qu’à quelques cinéastes – Koulechov, Poudovkine, Eisenstein, Vertov, Dvojenko, etc. – dont les œuvres ont impressionné l’époque. Pourtant, si l’on s’en tient à la stricte chronologie, les écrits russes sur le cinéma sont postérieurs aux textes qui s’écrivent en Europe et aux Etats-Unis. Les futuristes italiens publient en 1912 le Manifeste technique de la littérature futuriste qui compose une première apologie du cinéma, suivie en 1916 d’une Cinématographie futuriste signée par Marinetti, Corra, Balla, Settimielli, Ginna et Chiti. Aux Etats-Unis Eustache Hale Ball et James A. Taylor rédigent respectivement en 1913 et 1914 les premiers manuels à destinations des scénaristes et cinéastes américains, tandis que Vachel Lindsay fait paraître en décembre 1915 The Art of the Moving Picture, suivi quelques mois plus tard par Hugo Münsterberg qui publie 1916 The Photoplay: A psychological study. Quant à la France, elle crée ses premières revues de cinéma dès 1908 (Ciné-Journal), Maurice Raynal tient sa première chronique cinématographique en 1913 dans Les Soirées de Paris que fonde Guillaume Apollinaire, les premiers articles de Louis Delluc datent de 1917 et Philippe Soupault fait paraître ses poèmes cinématographiques en 1918. Or, lorsqu’on regarde du côté des premiers écrits russes sur le cinéma, on observe que les futuristes russes ne lui sont pas encore favorables. Meyerhold (Théâtre de foire, 1912) et Maïakovski (Théâtre, Cinéma, Futurisme, 1913) refusent d’y voir un art, avant de changer d’avis quelques années plus tard au contact des transformations politiques qui remettent le cinéma au premier plan (Meyerhold, Le portrait de Dorian Gray, 1918 ; Maïakovski, Cinéma et Cinéma, 1922). Il faut ainsi attendre 1917 pour que Koulechov écrive sa première défense du cinéma, 1921 pour que soit fondée la Fabrique de l’acteur Excentrique (FEKS), 1922 pour que l’on puisse lire le premier texte d’Eisenstein sur le cinéma (Le Huitième art), 1923 pour que soit créé le Front Gauche de l’Art (LEF).

Pourtant, 1917 marque le début d’une grande aventure cinématographique qui voit une nation précipiter l’entrée du cinéma dans le monde des arts, au moment où l’industrie du cinéma américain commence d’en voiler l’horizon (Delluc, 1920). Il appartient au centenaire de dresser des bilans, de distinguer les mythes de l’histoire, de rouvrir les dossiers et de relire ce que nous tenons pour vrai. Un siècle après cette césure historique, que reste-t-il de ces films et de ces textes qui, entre 1917 et 1935, ont largement décidé du destin du cinéma mondial? Quelle place le cinéma contemporain leur a-t-il réservé? Comment ont-ils influencé nos façons de penser le cinéma ? Comment cette influence s’est-elle écrite à l’échelle du siècle ?

Ces questions feront l’objet d’une journée d’étude à l’automne 2017 qui sera suivie d’un numéro de la revue Écrans.

Vous pouvez soumettre une proposition à la revue en l’envoyant à Mauro Carbonecarbone.mauro@gmail.com ; Luc Vancheriluc.vancheri@univ-lyon2.fr ; et Jean-Pierre Esquenazijpierre.esquenazi@wanadoo.fr  avant le 15 décembre 2016. Les réponses seront données avant le premier février 2017.

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Visible evidence XXIV / Buenos Aires / 2-5 août 2017

Visible Evidence, the international conference on documentary film and media, will convene for its 24th year in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

It coincides with the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution and marks fifty years since Che Guevara’s assassination. In line with previous conferences, Visible Evidence XXIV will address the history, theory, and practice of documentary cinema, television, video, digital media, photography, and performance.

Proposals for panels and workshops are opened till 2 December 2016.

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Collapsed Empires: the consequences of 1917 in the Mediterranean and the World / Madrid / 15-17 november 2017

The aim is to pay special attention to South shore of the Mediterranean Basin, although global and transnational analyses are also welcome. A special interest at the plenary sessions will be given to the consequences of 1917 at the Mediterranean, with participation of experts from Morocco, the Turkey and Egypt. We explicitly encourage scholars from North African countries and Middle East countries to participate.

We want to examine these developments within the perspective of other processes of independences like those after the Second World War as well as in relation to the consolidation of the post-colonial states (for example Morocco and Egypt). We are also interested in the exact inverse process: the independence and the recovery of full sovereignty after the collapsed of the Soviet Union 1989-1991.

Russian Revolution Centenary (1917-2017) Andrew Zolinsky, piano

Russian Revolution Centenary (1917-2017)

Andrew Zolinsky, piano

Tuesday 2nd May & Tuesday 9th May, 7.30pm

National Concert Hall, DUBLIN

 

One of the most distinctive musical voices of his generation, Andrew Zolinsky performs a programme of 20th century Russian piano music, including works composed in the lead up to the Russian Revolution by Scriabin, Rachmaninoff and Prokofiev for the first of this two-part series.

In the second of this two-part series, respected pianist Andrew Zolinsky performs works written in the wake of the Russian Revolution by Shostakovich, Tigran Mansurian, Medtner, Silvestrov, Alexander Knaifel and Prokofiev.

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Liberty and Revolution: Russia 1917 Revisited

British Library / April – September 2017

This landmark exhibition will examine the conditions and events that led to the Revolution and illustrate how subsequent political, economic, social, cultural and artistic aspects of life in Russia and the Soviet Union were shaped by the Revolution and its consequences.

The exhibition will also reveal how the Russian Revolution was viewed in other countries, with a special emphasis on Great Britain, and how the history of the whole world in the 20th century was shaped by this event. On show will be unique and rarely seen materials held in the British Library including posters, manuscripts, sounds, maps and postcards. The exhibition will also display many extraordinary items on loan from Russia, many leaving the country for the first time including artworks, uniforms, memorabilia and artefacts.

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1917/2017: Tychyna, Zhadan & the Dogs

1917/2017: Tychyna, Zhadan & the Dogs

In 1917 there’s great hope in Kyiv as the Russian Empire fall apart. But constant invasions lead to twelve changes in government in three years, and society crumbles.

Pavlo Tychyna (Ukrainian’s greatest poet of the 20th century) writes twelve prose poems describing the events now performed by Yara actors. Serhiy Zhadan (Ukraine’s greatest 21st century poet) reacts with songs he sings with his rock group the Dogs.

created by Yara Arts Group

Open rehearsal March 2016 Les Kurbas Theatre Center, Kyiv
Sept 7, 2016 Les Kurbs Theatre Center, Kyiv
Sept 14, 2016 Lviv Publishing Forum
Sept 19, 2016 Gogolfest in Kyiv

 

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The Russian Revolution in Global Perspective / Newcastle / 6 January 2017

The Mining Institute, Newcastle, United Kingdom

This public session, hosted by Newcastle’s Mining Institute, is part of the 2017 conference of the Study Group on the Russian Revolution. Speakers will explore the global impact and global responses to the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as well as the impact on early Soviet society of the idea of world revolution.

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XLII Conference of the Study Group of the Russian Revolution / Newcastle / 7-9 January 2016

The Study Group aims to promote new approaches to the Russian Revolution, focusing on the period between the 1880s and 1932. This year’s conference programme will include panels on politics and society in late imperial Russia; new perspectives on 1917, the civil war, early Soviet society, and an evening lecture on connections between Russia and the North East of England in the revolutionary period.

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2017 PNLHA Conference: Echoes of the 1917 Russian Revolution; Decades of Radicalism and Red Scares in the Labour Movements of the Pacific Northwest / Vancouver /May 26 – 28, 2017

Vancouver, British Columbia, May 26 – 28, 2017

The Russian Revolution was one of the most significant events of its decadeAs described in Oregonian John Reed’s book, there were events leading to and flowing from those “Ten Days That Shook the World” in October 1917.

In Canada and the US, manyworkers saw an opportunity for class war, believing that socialism could overcome capitalism as the dominant political reality. In the Pacific Northwest, new forms of industrial organizing were bolstered by aspirations of a new world order, and the labour movement briefly swelled with enthusiastic members who were eager to be part of the change.

Communists and socialists developed as key leaders in the labour movement, and in organizing the unemployed and disenfranchised. General strikes in Vancouver, Seattle,and Winnipeg, the OBU, On-to-Ottawa Trek, and jobless sit-down strikes, and new unions of woodworkers, miners, shipyard workers, and fishers were all communist and socialist-led. Continuer la lecture de 2017 PNLHA Conference: Echoes of the 1917 Russian Revolution; Decades of Radicalism and Red Scares in the Labour Movements of the Pacific Northwest / Vancouver /May 26 – 28, 2017

Western Europe and the Russian Revolution: Import and Export of Ideologies, Politics, Communities / London / 5-26 February 2017

 London School of Economics and Political Science, 

Transnational interchanges between Western Europe and Russia surrounded the October Revolution of 1917. These exchanges of ideologies and emigres led to mutual constructions of doctrines, politicised collectives, and eventually, a new experimental State. During and post the establishment of the USSR, new cross-cultural knowledge, pro-Soviet communities and indoctrination techniques evolved. This conference will seek to explore the transnational flows that impacted the revolution and those that were brought into being by virtue of its occurrence.

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The October Revolution / Lisbon / 2-4 November, 2017

III International Congress Karl Marx “On the centenary of the October Revolution of 1917”

The October Revolution of 1917 was one of the most significant events of the modern era. Its historical meaning can be understood, on the one hand, within the narrative of previous revolutions –starting with the 1789 French Revolution –and of the rise of the labour movement in the nineteenth century. On the other hand, 1917 also paved the way to several other twentieth century events and phenomena, such as the Chinese Revolution or the post-colonial turn. On its hundredth anniversary, the Institute for Contemporary History organizes an international conference dedicated to the study and discussion of the October Revolution and its consequences

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The Centenary of the 1917 Russian Revolution(s): its Significance in World History / Budapest / May 15-16, 2017

Centre for Russian Studies at the Eötvös Loránd University

In May 2017 the Centre for Russian Studies in Budapest is announcing its 11th biennale international academic conference. The aim of the conference is to provide an opportunity for a dialogue between senior and young researchers from different countries and cultures to discuss newly emerging academic questions of and approaches to the 1917 Russian Revolution(s).

All mailing should be sent to: rusconference1917@gmail.com

 

Революция 1917 года в России: события и концепции, последствия и память / Санкт-Петербург / 11-12 мая 2017 г. 

Санкт-Петербург, Государственный музей политической истории 

Цель конференции: способствовать осмыслению такого сложного и значительного исторического явления как Революция 1917 года. Организаторы конференции предлагают рассмотреть её как единый революционный процесс, начавшийся Февральскими событиями 1917 года и завершившийся победой сторонников советской власти в Гражданской войне.

Срок подачи заявок – до 15 декабря 2016 г.

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